On the world market, there are 4 types of dragon fruit: red-fleshed dragon fruit, white-fleshed dragon fruit, mainly from Vietnam and Thailand, Israel, and Malaysia; purple-fleshed from Guatemala, Nicaragua, Ecuador, and Israel; Yellow dragon fruit from Colombia and Ecuador. Research on T & C’s dragon fruit market shows that, unlike other commodities such as coffee or rice, dragon fruit is not widely known to consumers in the world outside the Asian community. There is no official research or statistics on the consumption and supply of this product in the world. European markets are the world’s leading fresh fruit importers, and quite open with new products.

Therefore, although dragon fruit is a commodity relatively new and not widely advertised, the price is high, but still very promising and attracting more and more consumer interest this continent. If it can reduce costs and promote more widely on the nutritional value of dragon fruit, surely this fruit will come with a large population in the European countries next to the country France, Italy, Russia and the Netherlands.

However, the assessments show that the demand for dragon fruit is growing well all over the world, especially in the new markets of dragon fruit outside Asia. The increasing demand depends on the market and the promotion of products, especially information on the health effects of dragon fruit, reduce the cost and improve the sweetness of dragon fruit. According to the Vietnam Trade Office in Vietnam, Vietnam is the largest exporter of dragon fruits in the world, accounting for the highest market share in Asia, Europe and sometime in the US. Thailand and Israel are the second and third largest exporters in the European market. However, in Vietnam, the dragon fruit for Europe in the export market is facing the risk of increased quality control, food safety.

A fresh dragon fruit farm for Europe in Binh Thuan province

At present, Vietnamese dragon fruit for EU export is subject to 10% inspection. If approved, all shipments in Vietnam before being packed into containers transported to the EU will be checked. When the cargo arrives at the port of destination, it will continue to re-inspect 10% of the total shipment, incurring one additional cost and affecting the clearance time. The rate of rejected goods is likely to increase as EU countries have more modern testing equipment than Vietnam. On 28 June, reply the Thanh Nien newspaper about the European Union (EU) to review the quality of Vietnam dragon fruit, counselor, the Chief of Vietnam Trade Union in Belgium and the EU, Nguyen Canh Cuong , said the European Commission’s Directorate General for Health and Safety (DG SANTE) is consulting with the EU Member States on the promulgation of Enhanced Testing Regulations for certain types Agricultural products imported into the EU, including dragon fruit Vietnam.

Besides, the percentage of pesticide residues in the dragon fruit at loading and unloading time may be different after relatively long transport time (4-5 weeks if traveling by sea). “We are continuing to mobilize DG SANTE to postpone the issuance of the Decision to strengthen the inspection of the above-mentioned dragon fruit,” Mr. Cuong said. Mr. The department of European Industry (MOIT) has informed the Ministry of Industry and Trade about this so that domestic ministries and agencies can promptly handle and inform the dragon fruit for Europe growers in the country. The Export-Import Department (Ministry of Industry and Trade) has sent Official Letter No. 572 / XNK-NS to the Plant Protection Department (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development) for information, requesting this unit to inform and instruct, recommends that dragon fruit growers use proper pesticides to avoid residues that exceed the allowable levels.

Dragon fruit for Europeis washing before export

In addition, it should take the initiative of discussing with the EC on the application of these measures, ensuring the export benefits of dragon fruit of Vietnam to the EU market. The Plant Protection Department has sent an official letter to the local Departments of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Vietnam Fruit Association, the Vietnam fruit, and vegetable association and the dragon fruit exporters to strengthen the production guidelines dragon fruit; inspection and supervision of trade and use of pesticides on dragon fruit for Europe.